MASTERS DEGREE IN ELECTIONS AND PARTY POLITICS

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Programme Philosophy

The Masters Degree Program in Elections and Party Politics is to expose students to the fundamental elements, dynamic and challenges of democratic elections and party politics in advanced and transitional democracies towards effective engagement in Nigeria's democratic development

Objective of the Programme

The Course seeks to provide students with:
i. Deep Knowledge and understanding of democratic elections and party politics.
ii. Skills for critical analysis and evaluation
iii. Knowledge of cutting edge tools and methodologies for research in elections and party politics
iv.Understanding of issues and trends in elections and party politics in the comparative context of advanced and transitional democracies
v.Insights into policy options and interventions for credible elections and party politics.

Courses Details
First Year

This course aims to provide students -311 overview and trends of the history of elections and party politics in Nigeria from the colonial period to date. More specifically, the course seeks to address the following: i. History of party formation in Nigeria, particularly from 1922 ii. The emergence of regional/ethnic parties in the move'm ent towards independence iii. Party politics and elections leading to the breakdown of the First Republic iv. Elections and party politics in the First Republic v. Elections and party politics in the Second Republic vi. Elections and party politics in the Fourth Republic vii. Contemporary nature of elections and politics in Nigeria

This course is designed to provide students with a deeper understanding of political parties and their role in democratic politics drawing from global comparative experiences. Specifically, the course content will consist of the following: i. Historical development of political parties ii. Typologies of parties iii. Nature and characteristics of parties in Europe, North 'America, Asia and Africa iv. Role of political parties in presidential and parliamentary systems v. Common challenges faced by political parties in democracies across the world vi. A comparison of Nigerian party systems organisation with those in developed democracies

Aim: this course is aimed at exposing students to the peculiarities of election management bodies in Africa and the challenges they face in consolidating electoral democracy in Africa. In particular, the course will focus on: i. capacity, personnel, network structure and autonomy ii. institutional design and EMB performance iii. organising operations and logistics iv. engagement with stakeholders v. building confidence and trust vi. peculiar challenges confronting EMBs

This course on Public Policy and Administrative Governance will aim at familiarising students with the complexities of Governance and Policy Processes. Students will be equipped with publicmaking policy formulation and implementation and the dynamics that influence policy formulation. Discuses policy implementation in the context of various theories of organization. It focuses on politics of policy implementation providing the students with the knowledge of how socio-economic and political forces influences policy implementation. It tries to acquaint the students with process of policy evaluation. Finally, the course will also bring together academic expertise and practical experience, by inviting policy pr'!.ctitioners to present case studies on issues of policy or administrative concern.

The aim of this course is to provide students with a deeper understanding of the types, range, nature and characteristics of political systems globally. Specifically, the course focuses on the following: i. First past the post system (majoritarian) ii. Proportional representation (list systems, etc.) iii. Hybrid systems iv. Political context favouring specific electoral systems and consequences for electoral outcomes, political stability, management of diversity, inclusion of gender and disadvantaged groups, etc.

The course will expose students to the different models of election management bodies across democracies to help them understand the impact and implication of the different models on democratic elections and politics. Specifically, the course will increase understanding of: Page39 i. the variation in institutional design of EMBs worldwide, particularly focusing on capacity, personnel, network structure and autonomy; ii. the consequences of EMB institutional design for EMB performance; iii. the impact of EM B institutional design for election integrity, credibility and legitimacy, as well as citizen s' and political actors' perceptions of elections; and iv. Best practices to improve EMB performance.

The course aims to acquaint students with basic knowledge of methods, approaches and ' techniques of political analysis. The content will focus on: i. the core ideas and methods of comparative politics; ii. key themes in social and political science such as the state, democracy, political institutions, political culture and participation; iii. comparison of states and the differences between the region and other parts of the world (Western Europe, Africa, Latin America); iv. Subject matter of political analysis; v. Techniques, methods and approaches of political analysis; vi. Strong knowledge of the latest perspectives in political analysis; and vii. ' de'ep and applied understanding of concepts necessary for undertaking original advanced level research in politics.

This course is designed to offer students practical knowledge and hands-on experience on political party governance. The course will involve scenario building around the following issues: i. General Characteristics of Political Parties ii. Political Parties' Organisational Structure iii. Campaign strategies and support mobilization iv. Recruiting and organising membership v. lntraparty Democracy and Decisionmaking vi . Internal Party Democracy and Discipline vii. viii. ix. x. xi. Democratic Political Party Administration: Managing the Daily Work of a Political ., Party Building and Developing Party Platform African Case studies- Kenya, Nigeria, Ghana, South Africa Knowledge management production and research Exercises and workshops

Historical background; nation building; federalism and mass politics (political participation and voting, political parties, the news media); the economy: evolution, structure and management; governing institution: the Legislature, the Executive, and Judicial system; foreign policy and defence; the society: social structure and culture; state and civil society; contemporary economic and social, and political problems of Nigeria.

Second Year

Provides a strong foundation in the basics of designing social and political research, as well as more extensive training in at least two techniques for collecting and analysing data. Students will additionally have the opportunity to apply these technical skills in substantive coursework and in a hands-on research setting. I. Research Design II. Weighing the Evidence Ill. Advanced Quantitative Topics IV. Simulations V. Political Network Analysis VI. Social and Political Network Analysis VII. Survey Research Methods VIII. Introduction to Quantitative Analysis

This course is designed to offer students practical knowledge and hands-on experience on managing elections. The course will involve scenario building around the following issues: i. introduction to electoral administration ii. strategic planning for electoral management iii. electoral governance and party leadership iv. team building and management v. Legal framework and reform; boundary delimitation; electoral cycle; electoral system; electoral dispute resolution; operational planning; voter registration; election field operations, project managing the logistics of efflc-tions, results management; electoral costs and finances; electoral contestants; disabilities and elections; gender equality and elections; media and elections; working effectively with electoral observation missions, and electoral education and information vi. stakeholder engagement vii. decisions making under difficult and stressful situations

The course will expose students to the role of information and communications technologies {ICT) in the electoral process and in building credibility and integrity in conducting democratic elections. The issues to be discussed include the following: i. Overview of Elections ·and Technology ii. iii. iv. v. vi. Ranges and uses of technology: biometric registration, biometric verification, electronic collation and transmission of results, election management systems, electronic voting and internet voting Technologies that are currently being used for electoral processes Guidelines for the evaluation, choice and implementation of new technologies Examples of best practices in the use of technology as well as examples where technology has not lived up to expectations Some of the emerging technologies and trends to identify those that may apply to elections in the near future

A student shall carry out research in any area of specialization in his/her discipline and submit an acceptable dissertation of 6 credit units.

Elective Courses

The course is designed to acquaint students with the role of citizens and their organisations in enhancing the credibility of the electoral process. i. Citizen-demand electoral reform and parallel voter tabulation ii. Voter education iii. Conflict resolution and peace-building iv. Election observation v. Stakeholder engagement vi. Mandate protection

How legislators are elected significantly affects the composition and outlook of the legislature. This course will examine Nigeria's electoral process and review the problems and environmental factors that a ffect, shape and constrain the operation of the electoral process: Features of the electoral process; Mechanism for resolving electoral disputes; preserving the integrity of INEC; Dealing with electoral malpractice.

This course is designed to deepen students' knowledge and understanding of the diverse roles that political parties play in parliamentary politics and representative democracy. Issues to address will include: I. Role of political parties in parliamentary and presidential democracies II. Party leadership and parliamentary governance Ill. Role of parties in shaping public policy IV. Party Discipline and Parliamentary Government V. Role of parliamentary caucuses VI. Dialogue and consensus building VII. Role of opposition parties in parliament

This course provides an overview of some key topics in party politics and gender. Specifically, the following will be considered; I. History of feminism, feminist political thought and 'masculinism' II. Gendering politics Ill. Gender and political behaviour IV. Women's representation in elected office: does it matter? V. Quotas, positive discrimination and positive action VI. Gender policy machinery and 'mainstreaming' VII. Gendered states and the gendered international VIII. Gender and armed conflict IX. Gender and human rights X. Gender and development

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