MASTERS DEGREE IN PARLIAMENTARY ADMINISTRATION

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Programme Philosophy

The aim of the programmes in Parliamentary Administration is to provide insight into theory, practice, empirical research and sources in the field of parliamentary administration. The course is particularly aimed at parliamentary officials and other professionals working or intending to work with parliament. it is also valuable to everyone who wishes to deepen his/her understanding of Parliamentary Administration. The course encourages students to reflect on the practice of the Nigerian parliament and to envisage ways of improving parliamentary practice.

Objective of the Programme

The objective of this programme is to produce or the emerging democracies, men and women with extensive practical knowledge of the workings of legislatures. it will draw on expert teaching and independent research to produce uniquely qualified practitioners. The programme provides the necessary background for a variety of careers in , notably, the civil service, politics and political consultancy, as well as further research.

Courses Details
First Year

Historical Background;nation building; federalism and mass politics (political participation and voting, political parties, the news media); the economy: evolution, structure and management: governing institution: the Legislature, the Executive, and judicial system; foreign policy and defence; the society: social structure and culture; state and civil society; contemporary economic and social, and political problems of Nigeria.

Meaning, purpose, and types of research; approaches to research: quantitative, qualitative, and legislative research; overview of the research process; formulating the research problem; reviewing the literature; choosing the research design; writing the research proposal; collecting research data: primary data (observation, personal interview, questionnaires and interview), secondary data (selecting, scrutinizing and analysing documents); analysing research data (quantitative data, qualitative data) and establishing findings; interpreting and discussing findings, and drawing conclusions; writing the research report: the basics of the writing process (grammar, punctuation, effective sentences and paragraphs), structuring the report, mechanics of presentation and referencing; the special features of legislative research report; characteristics of good research report;publishing research papers.

General Introduction; The British System; basic concept of the British Constitution;The House of Lords; Merits and demerits of British Constitution; The French Parliamentary system of government; The Nature of the french constitution; Indian parliamentary System; Comparison of the three parliamentary system.

Historical Development; Allocation of Powers among the various branches/tiers of government; Rights and liberties; interpreting the constitution; Separation of Powers; Judicial Review; Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of state policy; Economic and Social Objectives; Political and Environmental Objectives; Citizenship by Naturalization and Dual Citizenship; Fundamental Human Rights; Overview of fundamental rights under the Nigerian constitution; The Judicature; Impeachment under the 1999 Constitution; Concept of Immunity. Constitutional Federalism Nigeria operates a federal system consisting of three tiers of government- the federal, state and local governments. This course will examine the fundamentals and dynamics of a federals system of government and how the three tiers of government deal with and relates to each other: Requirements of Federalism, Role and powers of each branch of government, Managing and resolving tensions and conflict. Separation of Powers Constitutional democracy requires separation of powers between the three branches of government the executive, legislature and the Judiciary. The challenge for every democracy is, and always will be, how to get each branch of government to function effectively and efficiently and efficiently without grating upon one another or impeding one another's progress or functions. This course will examine the contextual realities that affect and shape the operation of the separation of powers doctrine in Nigeria: Theoretical foundations of the doctrine of separation of powers; Structure of government in Nigeria; Allocation of powers among the three branches of government; the interaction of executive, legislative and judicial powers Nigeria.

The role of information in parliament:Information needs of the parliament, searching for and accessing information, using the library, research and committee units, electronic system, daily transcript, hansard, congressional record, website; people, information and knowledge; information architecture and design; management of information; the freedom of information Act (FOI). E-parliament The use of modern technology in work of parliament and the linking of parliaments in democratic countries: evolution of the e-parliament; requirements for participation in e-parliament; using information and communications technology to improve activities of parliament and public participation; linking parliament and parliamentarians to the global network of legislators, the e-parliament today. Parliamentary reporting Reporting debates of legislators and recording of the proceedings of chambers are important activities in the legislative process. Reporting stands out as an indispensable aid to elected members and others within the Houses and for those outside it for the purpose of getting a clear, accurate and independent account of the proceedings in the chambers. The Hansard process begins with the witnessing and recording a speech, culminating in a final bound volume. Effective reporting systems need to be developed to facilitate the work of legislators and meet the needs stakeholders. The specific topics include: understanding debate in written form, conventions of formal parliamentary debate and procedure; using and maintaining an in-house style guide; good sources of checking facts, quotations, etc. in reference books and online; use of parliamentary reporting software; use of parliamentary reporting software; use of enhance accurate reporting; editing for consistency and readability.

Overview of the parliament and its functions: evolution, functions, management, operation of parliament, and responsibilities of members of the parliament; the of committees in the work of parliament: evolution of the committee system, characteristics f parliamentary committees; types of parliamentary committees: standing committees, ad-hoc committees, and committee of the whole house; functions and powers of the committee: initiating and drafting legislation, overseeing the executive, and reviewing budget proposals; organisations of parliamentary committees: the role of legislative staff and legislative aides; parliamentary committee in law making process: bills and review and scrutiny, public hearings, and research service; parliamentary committees and the promotion of transparency and accountability: promoting constituency outreach and public contribution of law making, oversight of government activities and scrutiny of the use of public funds; effectiveness of parliamentary committees: the importance of non-partisanship, role of committee staff, required core competencies ( including human relations skills); the parliament and its support agencies: NILS, 'NABRO'.

Historical Development; Allocation of Powers among the various branches/tiers of government; Rights and Liberties; Interpreting the constitution; Separation of powers;Judicial Review;Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principle of state policy;Economic and social Objectives; Political and Environmental Objectives; Citizenship; Citizenship by Naturalization and Dual Citizenship; Fundamental Human Rights; Overview of fundamental rights under the Nigerian Constitution; The Judicature; Impeachment under the 1999 Constitution; Concept of immunity. Constitutional Federalism Nigeria operates a federal system consisting of three tiers of government-the federal, state and local governments. This course will examine the fundamentals and dynamics of a federals system of government deal with relate to each other: Requirements Federalism, Role and powers of each branch of government, Managing and resolving tensions conflict. Separation of powers Constitutional democracy requires separation of powers between the three branches of government the executive, legislature and the judiciary. The challenge for every democracy is, and always will be, how to get each branch of government to function effectively and efficiently without grating upon one another or impeding one another's progress or functions. This course will examine the contextual realities that affect and shape the operation of the separation of powers doctrine in Nigeria: Theoretical foundations of the doctrine of separation of powers; Structure of government in Nigeria;Allocations of powers among the three branches of government; the interaction of executive, legislative and judicial powers in Nigeria.

This course on Public Policy and Administrative Governance will aim at familiarising students with the complexities of Governance and Policy Processes. Students will be equipped with public-making policy formulation and implementation and the dynamics that influence policy formulation. Discuses policy implementation in the context of various theories of organization. It focuses on politics of policy implementation providing the students with the knowledge of how socio-economic and political forces influences policy implementation. It tries to acquaint the students with process of policy evaluation. Finally, the course will also bring together academic expertise and practical experience, by inviting policy practitioners to present case studies on issues of policy or administrative concern.

Second Year

Structure and organization of the legislature; comparative analysis of legislative and parliamentary models: overview of unicameral and bicameral structures, parliamentary committees;management and operations of their functions; legislative staff and their functions; The National Assembly Bureaucracy: the office of the Clerk to the two chambers: functions of Support Offices: the Chamber Office, the Table Office, the Bills'Office,the committees' office , Senate/House Management Office, Budget and Planning; functions of presiding and principal officers; financial accountability in the legislature; the relationship between career legislative staff and political legislative aides; effective allocation of staff to support the leadership, committees, members offices and the administrative services; Legislative Support Offices: NILS, "NABRO", Research Services; Building capacity for the operations of the parliament.

A student shall present at least one (1) seminar of 3 credit units

A student shall carry out research in his/her discipline and submit an acceptable dissertation of 6 credit units.

Elective Courses

Meaning, scope, significance of financial management; agencies involved in financial management; budgeting as a of financial management: role and principles; the budget process: formulation, enactment, execution, and audit; approaches to budget: line-item budgeting, performance budgeting, programme budgeting, and zero-based budgeting; revenue sources: taxation and tax administration (tax administration at federal level, center-state financial relations); parliamentary financial control agencies; public accounts committees, parliamentary standing committees, development and management of the legislative budget; the role of the Federal Ministry of Finance.

Legal Basis of Modern State, Government and Administration;Administration Law - its meaning, nature and scope. Some Basic Constitutional Concepts in Relation to Administrative Law: (a) Rule of Law; (b) Doctrine of separation of powers; (c) Principles of Checks and Balances; and (d) Principles of natural Justice; Doctrine and Ultra-vires. Relation between Constitutional Law and Administrative Law. Concepts and courts of Administrative Law (Droit Administrative) in France, including Courts of conflicts; Classification of Administrative and difficulties of Classification. Legislative functions of Administration: (a) Delegated Legislation - its Meaning, Nature and Causes for it growth. (b) Forms of classification of Delegated legislation. (c) Constitutionality of Legislative Delegation. (d) Control over Delegated legislation: (i) Parliamentary Control and (ii) Judicial Control over Delegated Legislation; Judicial Functions of Administration: Administration Adjudication and Tribunals, Judicial Control of Administrative Authorities and Tribunals. Structure, Powers, Functions and Personnel of Special Tribunals; Legal Redressal of Grievances- Government Liability, Tortuous and Contractual; (b) The Ombudsman. Administrative Law relating to Civil Servants; The role of Parliament in Developing Administrative Law; Tension and conflicts between courts parliament; The impact of administrative Law on the Functioning of Parliament and its Members.

Evolution of the Contemporary Parliament; How Legislatures have changed overtime; Parliaments in Comparative Perspective; Advance Democratic Governance. Contemporary Issues in Parliamentary Administration Parliamentary Oversight; Role of Parliament in Curbing Corruption; Role of Parliament; Parliament in conflict Affected countries; Improving parliamentary administration and finance; E-Parliament.

How legislators are elected significantly affects the composition and outlook of the legislature. This course will examine Nigeria's electoral process and review the problems and environmental factors that affect, shape and constrain the operation of the electoral process:Features of the electoral process; Mechanism for resolving electoral disputes;preserving the integrity of INEC; Dealing with electoral malpractice.

Legislators in Africa often face unique challenges that are rarely encountered by their counterparts in established democracies. This course will examine Africa unique problems and how these problems affect and constrain the exercise of legislative powers: Overview of the Nigerian society; role and influence of political parties in the legislature; Contextual realities in which legislators function; Problems and challenges for legislators in Nigeria.

Political parties represent the driving force in the enterprise of constitutional democracy. They serve as clearing houses and staging areas for the country's political elites to launch their political careers, articulate issues of importance to the country and offer citizens the option to choose from different and competing prescriptions presented by the parties. Political parties assume central importance in Nigeria because independent candidacy is not allowed by the Constitution. This course will examine role and place of political parties in DEMOCRATIC PROCESS, Critical issues to be examined include the role, powers, and constraints of political parties in the legislature, and the relationship between legislature, and the relationship between legislators and their political parties: Functions and activities of political parties;Reaction of political parties to Nigeria's social, political and economic realities; Relationship between political parties and legislators; Role of political parties in shaping legislative outcomes.

Law is generally the government chief's vehicle for change and development. This course aims to give students an understanding of how the law is used to catalyse development and promote social change: overview of different theories of law; Understanding the use of law as an instrument of social change and development; Examine the interplay between law and various aspects of the society; Role and limits of law as mechanism for influencing human behavior.

Sources of labour law (Nigeria, some common law countries), contract of employment

This course is an introduction to the subject of public international law, which is traditionally regarded as the law applicable to inter-state relations. it addresses the background, subjects and sources of international law; Canadian application of international law; states and international organizations as subjects of international law; state jurisdiction over citizens, land, water and outer space; state responsibility for violations of international law; state and diplomatic immunites; the united Nations system; and lawful use of force.Throughout the class, current events in the news will be discussed and analyzed. Course Outline: a. The Foundations of Public International Law - Origins and nature of international law: treaties, custom, general principles and "soft" law; Reception of international into domestic law; Subjects of (and actors in) international law: states and international organisations; state jurisdiction over land (including self determination), water(law of the sea) Antarctic and outer space; Basis of state jurisdiction over people and things; State jurisdiction and immunities. B. Specific Issues in international Law; State responsibility for violations of international human rights law; International criminal law; Current issues in international law: case studies. By the end of this course, students will be able to : describe and communicate the fundamentals principles of the international legal system: the foundation sources of public international law how international law is made, and to whom/what international law applies; Recognize violations of public international law and identify the pertinent norms to address those violations (or whether such norms are lacking); apply the fundamental principles of public international law to factual scenarios; and critically appraise the main normative and practical challenges facing the international legal system today.

The question of the proper balance between the armed forces and the civilian political leadership is a key feature of politics. in the most extreme cases, the military itself takes power. in democracies civil-military relations do not take this extreme form, but there are still important debates about the proper degree of military influence over defence and foreign policy, and the degree to which military policy should be responsive to broader social and cultural values. This course will especially examine the role of military in non-democratic, developing states and emerging democratices. In general, when political decay is present, the military has an opportunity for an expanded political role. Topics to be examine include: military coup-d'état, the garrison state, bureaucratic authoritarianism, paramilitaries and the experience of the modern soldier and new technology

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